Saturday, July 18, 2020

Symptoms of Depression in Tweens

Symptoms of Depression in Tweens Depression Childhood Depression Print Symptoms of Depression in Tweens By Jennifer O'Donnell Jennifer ODonnell holds a BA in English and has training in specific areas regarding tweens, covering parenting for over 8 years. Learn about our editorial policy Jennifer O'Donnell Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on January 19, 2020 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on February 10, 2020 Depression Overview Types Symptoms Causes & Risk Factors Diagnosis Treatment Coping ADA & Your Rights Depression in Kids FatCamera / Getty Images It can be difficult to know if your child is going through a major bout with depression, or is just temporarily down in the dumps. Either way, acting quickly to help your tween, whatever their situation may be, is important. Kids experience lots of change in their tween years: their hormones are kicking in, their responsibilities are increasing, and their schedules are overbooked. To make things even more challenging, tweens or preteens also struggle with changing family and friend relationships, stress, confusing cultural expectations, and the anxiety that often comes with their approaching adolescence. Its no wonder that so many kids experience occasional sadness or possibly, even childhood depression. Recognizing warning signs of depression in your tween is the first step to getting them the help they need. Proper depression treatment for preteens is especially important as studies suggest that children who suffer from childhood depression are more likely to use alcohol and drugs. They are also more at risk for engaging in other dangerous behaviors.?? Recognizing Depression in Tweens The first step to helping your child is recognizing that there might be a problem. Unfortunately, the symptoms can be difficult to spot and can be confused with the normal trials and tribulations of growing up. Tweens are frequently moody. Their changing hormones and emotions can make it difficult to know if theyre just going through a phase or something more serious. While depression symptoms in tweens vary from individual to individual and can differ from those seen in adults, its not uncommon for depressed tweens to exhibit several of the following behaviors, at one time or another: A change in appetite (eating too much or not enough)Withdrawing from friends and activitiesSleeping disturbances like sleeping too much, not sleeping well or avoiding sleepA decline in grades at schoolFeelings of frustrationAn inability to complete simple tasksOverwhelming guilt and feelings of worthlessnessA change in normal behavior or personality changesReluctance to participate in social activitiesAnger  and other frequent emotional outburstsFrequent stomachaches or headaches that dont respond to treatmentBody aches that cant be explained or treatedAn inability to enjoy life and a lack of interest in the future Many tweens will rotate through the above symptoms routinely, but that doesnt necessarily mean theyre suffering from childhood depression. But if your childs behavior lasts for more than two weeks, it could be a sign that the troubles are more than a temporary slump. If youre unsure about your childs behavior, ask other family members, your childs teacher, and any other adult who has frequent contact with your child for their thoughts concerning your childs behavior. If youre concerned, dont hesitate to ask your childs pediatrician, a psychologist, or a psychiatrist for an opinion. Depression in children, when left untreated, can lead to a number of other serious problems including drug and alcohol misuse, relationship problems, and even suicide. The Consequences of Untreated Depression in Children Causes of Childhood Depression There are a number of different factors, both biological and environmental, that can contribute to the development of childhood depression.?? In tweens, imbalances in neurotransmitters like serotonin can predispose to depression. A combination of traumatic events (such as divorce, death of a loved one, friendship problems, a family move) may also trigger depression in some youths, as may a family predisposition to the disorder. Believe it or not, depression is actually fairly common in tweens with as many as one in 30 living with the disorder. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that 3.2% of kids between the ages of three and 17 have been diagnosed with depression.?? The good news is depression can be treated successfully. With careful monitoring and support, a child experiencing depression has a very good chance of overcoming the condition.?? What You Can Do Visiting with your childs doctor is a must. Your childs pediatrician may recommend that your child seek counseling or psychotherapy, most likely with a pediatric mental health provider. You may also consider family therapy. In some cases, counseling is enough to help a child through rough times. In other circumstances, medication may be prescribed as well. If you think your child is depressed or upset, educate yourself on their social media life. Your childs Facebook, Twitter, or Instagram might reveal if something is going on with friends or at school. Whatever course of action the doctors propose to take, your role is as an advocate and a loving support system  for your child. Talk to Your Tween Listen to your child when they share information about their feelings and refrain from judging.Let your child know that you are there for them whenever they need you.Be persistent, even if you think they have gotten the point. Depressed tweens need to hear that you will be there for them  and that your love is unconditional. How to Help a Depressed Teenager

Thursday, May 21, 2020

Character Analysis of Antigone and Creon in William...

Antigone and Creon, the two displayed tragic figures of Antigone, both led themselves to their demise because of their love for themselves and the hate they both share for one another. Antigone’s proven love is of the afterlife while her hate is for her uncle and king, Creon. Creon may share the love of himself, however, it is not quite the same as Antigone’s love. Creon loves to rule the city of Thebes and hate’s Antigone, which is very odd for both characters because they are family. Sophocles uses the Rhetoric of love and hate between Antigone and Creon to expose the characters weaknesses, which would ultimately lead Antigone and Creon to their downfalls. The characters’ love is for themselves, which blinded them from seeing the consequences, however, Antigone doesn’t truly have any consequences, only Creon. Antigone wanted the life of the afterlife and had already given Polynices a proper burial, so Creon executing her was only giving her what s he wanted. Creon, however, ultimately lost his family when they killed themselves because of his love for his city, he neglected to love his family and lost them, which is why Creon could be considered the more tragic figure of the play. Additionally, their hate for one another focused them on each other and spawned a personal battle of power between one another, causing them to ignore the world around. For example, Creon was more focused on his hate for Antigone that he neglected his wife and son, Haemon, who ultimately killed

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Dr. David L. Snead s Thesis Statement - 952 Words

I believe that the author: Dr. David L. Snead’s thesis statement is as follows: How did George Browne, an American enlistee fair during World War I, along with his relationship with his sweetheart. I shall show during this book review through several points of how Dr. David L. Snead shows this. First, we shall look at how he sets up the events in the book. Followed by, how Dr. David L. Snead, has put to wonderful use the letters that were sent between Browne and Marty (his sweetheart). Then lastly, how he portrayed the American cause through the eyes of Browne. Dr. David L. Snead, sets up his book like a diary of sorts. The table contents for chapters states as follows: Mobilization and Training in the United States; From the States to a Quiet Sector in France; Training and Action in a Quiet Sector; Champagne and the Battle of the Ourcq River; Rest and the Battle of Saint-Mihiel; The Meuse-Argonne Offensive and the End of the War. Which would be like a series of entries that w ould be listed during moves by a soldier in a log. Secondly, Dr. David L. Snead, also puts information about the current action or move prior to the letter entry or after, to set the stage of events. Lastly, the book is written mostly in first person, through the eyes of Browne, with some input from a narrator/outside source. Now, let us take a look at the second part of my argument; of how, Dr. David L. Snead, uses letters to portray the actions taking place to marvelous use. â€Å"July 20, 1918Show MoreRelatedDr. David L. Snead s Thesis Statement938 Words   |  4 Pages I believe that the Author: Dr. David L. Snead’s thesis statement is as follows: How did George Browne, an American enlistee fair during World War I, with his sweetheart and himself. I shall show during this book review through several points of how Dr. David L. Snead shows this. First, we shall look at how he sets up the events in the book. Followed by, how Dr. David L. Snead puts to good use letters sent between Browne and Marty (his sweetheart). Then lastly, how he portrayed the American cause

Alternate energy Free Essays

Alternate energy – the solution to our depleting natural resources. A viable way to counter the effects of global warming. But is it really so? Every argument has its own pros and cons and we need to study both the sides before reaching on a hasty conclusion. We will write a custom essay sample on Alternate energy or any similar topic only for you Order Now As with all other discussions, the discussion centering around alternate energy sources has its own handful of proponents and opponents. Alternate energy sources are hailed the most due to their inexpensive and less polluting nature. Alternate energy sources are those which can be substituted for fossil fuels and include biofuels. Biofuels include among them vegetable oils, ethanol and methanol. As against fossil fuels, non renewable energy sources do not have a limited supply and hence their usage is not feared to bring about a rapid exhaustion of the resources. Careful studies of nonrenewable sources have made scientists to predict about possible exhaustion of these resources in coming century. The Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources puts an the lifetime of conventional oil to be only 32 years more, while its estimates about natural gas show that it will last 65 years more. This is one of the reasons that renewable resources are so much sought after now since the continuance of our work processes depending on these resources, is not threatened by their diminishing supply. Scientific studies have already revealed how the use of non renewable sources has proved to be hazardous to not just the environment but also the health of the population. This paper will discuss multiple sides of the issues of using these alternate energy sources. These issues are economic, ethical, social and environmental. We will discuss how the use of alternate energy sources will lead to less of global warming. In the environmental context, fossil fuels have been proven to be hazardous to nature and health. The environment is at great stake if we continue to use these fossil fuels. The combustion of fossil fuels leads to a number of pollutions ranging from water and land pollution to air pollution. It is held today that the highest amount of environmental pollution can be attributed to none other than the combustion of these fuels. The smog caused by the combustion of these fuels can not only cause human sickness but can also be dangerous to the sustainability of crops. Similarly, the release of carbon dioxide in environment form the burning of these fuels is a major cause of global warming. Many climate changes are a result of this global warming. Continued use of these fossil fuels will only aggravate the situation. The conversion of fossil fuels is another environmental problem as it results in solid waste accumulation. Another threat posed by fossil fuels is that of spill offs in seas and oceans during their delivery. This proves to be a menace to the marine life and very difficult to clean up. Biofuels in contrast do not have any such hazards attached to them. Burning biofuels releases carbon monoxide and sulphur dioxide in lesser quantities. A model by Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) shows that neat biodiesel form soya beans cut down the global warming pollution by more than 50% in comparison to conventional petroleum based diesel. Some other sources for biofuels such as algae have the potential of providing up to 90% reductions in global warming pollution. Biodiesel is also made form recycled food oil and waste products. Use of advanced technologies in future will see that the waste streams are being converted to diesel fuels. This will result in production of low carbon diesel. Biodiesel has got an edge over petroleum diesel fuel when it comes to low pollution emission. Biodiesel emit less of hydrocarbons as compared to conventional diesels and thus are environmentally safer. In environmental context then, biofuels seem to be a more viable option, by being less harmful and detrimental to environment and health. The issue of energy sources is such that now it has even got mixed with politics. In evaluating the viability of alternate energy sources, we also have to consider the political context relevant to the situation. Governments are now more than ever concerned about the dwindling supplies of fuels and hence are pushing for alternate energy sources. Before using an alternate energy source then, the political issues that need to be considered are many. One of the many aspects considered by a government before venturing into the development of any alternate energy source is the jobs and the growth provided by the fuels industry. The renewable industry is a newly developing one and has potential for growth in future. This is what the Canadian government has in mind and is one of the reasons why it is pursuing a greater use of renewable energy sources. Governments like Canada seek alternate energy source such as biofuels because they offer immense reductions in greenhouse gases (Susanne, 2007). They also provide an economical energy source for governments in the face of increasing petroleum prices. The basic reason however governments may consider alternate energy fuels such as these is the wish to support farming and rural communities. Hence, political issues such as consideration of population and growth and job opportunities in the alternate energy industry are some of the political aspects a government considers before opting for such a resource. The Canadian government has opted to go for biodiesels which shows that this form of energy is being sought after readily by governments and they think it as a feasible option to not only counteract the effects of global warming but also be beneficial in terms of providing job opportunities to the farmer population. If we consider the socio-economic aspect of this issue, we would see that alternate energy sources are being seen by governments as a lucrative option since governments have seen an increase in farm-products and thus that this could boost rural incomes (FAO, 2008). Hence, all the more reason to support the alternate energy source. Economically, the biofuels could prove to be fruitful for farmers in developed countries. The FAO report 2008 states that farmers of the developing countries could be supported and aided to reap the benefits of its production. If biofuels is produced in developing countries, not only will it be economically profitable for the local population but it will be a major cause for reduction in pollution. Todaro, in his book Economic development states that the most cumulative environmental degradation has been caused by the developed world. However, this trend is very much likely to reverse because of decreasing income patterns and high population growth rates in developing countries. Thus, providing the population of developing countries with a cheap substitute to fossil fuels will ensure lesser pollution created in the developing world. Keeping all these points in view, I opine that alternate energy sources are indeed the need of the day and promoting their use will reduce pollution and combat global warming. However, some contrasting views have also been found related to the use of biofuels. These present some problems in deciding whether to promote the use of biofuels or not. Producing biofuels requires more fossil fuel energy than is gained by the consumption of the fuel (Pimentel, 2001). Hence, it contributes to global warming and pollution too. On the political forefront, biofuels, particularly ethanol is being opposed against by the environmentalists on the grounds that promoting the use of biofuels might encourage farmers to abandon food crops and plant cash crops instead, which could then be used in producing fuel. Europe is one such region which has pursued in the past for policies favoring biofuels. However, the policy decision made in 2008, has met with strict criticism from lobbyists, citizens and environmentalists. Ethanol, one of the biofuels, then does not appear to have a strong foothold when it comes to political grounds. Policies to promote biofuels in regions such as Europe and U. S have met with censure and disapproval as it does not seem to be such a feasible source. Political and environmental arguments however are not the only ones to be considered. The social aspects have to be considered too. One may argue that producing biofuels will be good for society. More cash crops will be grown, with better return to society and less production of pollution. However, a study shows how the production of biofuels is actually a social tragedy for humans. To sum up, the report declares that producing biofuels is not a feasible option as it will only be disastrous for farmers, the environment, and citizens, particularly, the poor ones (Altieri Bravo, 2007). The report gives example of U. S that how even the utilization of all soya bean and corn crops will not be enough to meet more than 12% of its gasoline’s needs and 6% of diesel needs. One-fifth of corn harvest in U. S has already been dedicated to biofuels but this too could meet only 3% of its domestic energy demands. Is it then ethical to pursue this option when it seems to have a plethora of arguments opposing it? Apparently, there is a trade-off between the economic and environmental benefits to be reaped from the production of biofuels, against the social costs of getting the food crops being replaced by cash crops. Cheap fuel to source the industries of a country or food for feeding the population? These are the two precarious questions waiting to be answered. Through the course of the discussion of paper, we have seen how alternate energy source may prove one of the ways to combat pollution and be beneficial for the environment. However, to do so at the social cost of hungry population would be a crucial mistake. The key to this problem is maintaining a balance between the two. In the face of food crisis and rising food prices, priority should be set on solving the problems of food security. Developing countries, hence must not seek out so actively to promote the use of alternate energy source. Rather, their focus should be on getting the food crisis resolved. One of the FAO’s recommendations with regard to this aspect says that â€Å"policies should be developed with appropriate international coordination to ensure that the international system supports environmental sustainability goals as well as social goals for agricultural development and poverty and hunger reduction†. Hence, to achieve the goals environmental sustainability, alternate energy source i. e. biodiesels must be sought keenly but only if the social costs of doing so are not greater than the economic profitability. References: FAO report, (2008), The State of Food and Agriculture, Part I: Biofuels: Prospects, Risks and Opportunities, pp 88-90. Retrieved August 17, 2010 from http://www. foodfirst. org/node/1662 R. S. , Susanne (2010, February), Canadians backing biofuels. Retrieved August 17, 2010 from http://www. biodieselmagazine. com/article. jsp? article_id=3993 Pimentel. (2001), The limitations of biomass energy, Encyclopedia of Physical Sciences and Technology. San Diego: Academic Press,159–171 Altieri, M. A. , Bravo, E. (March 2007), The ecological and social tragedy of crop-based biofuel production in the Americas. Retrieved August 17, 2010 from http://www. foodfirst. org/node/1662 Todaro, M. P Smith, S. C, Economic Development, 2002, Prentice Hall How to cite Alternate energy, Papers

Sunday, April 26, 2020

Music of the Baroque free essay sample

Churches used the emotional and theatrical qualities of art to make worship more attractive and appealing. The middle class too, Influenced the development of the baroque style, for example prosperous merchants and doctors commissioned realistic landscapes and scenes from everyday life. 3. Write a paragraph that includes the characteristics of Baroque music. A. Unity of mood Usually expresses one basic mood: what begins joyfully will remain Joyful throughout. Emotional states like Joy, grief, and agitation ere represented.Composers molded a musical language to depict the affections; specific rhythms or melodic patterns were associated with specific moods. B. Rhythm Rhythmic patterns heard at the beginning of a piece are repeated throughout it. This rhythmic continuity provides a compelling drive and energy-the forward motion is rarely interrupted. The beat, for example, is emphasized far more in baroque music than in most Renaissance music. C. Melody There is a continuous expanding, unfolding, and unwinding of melody. We will write a custom essay sample on Music of the Baroque or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page This sense of directed motion Is recently the result of a melodic sequence, that Is, successive repetition of a musical idea at higher or lower pitches. Many baroque melodies sound elaborate and ornamental, and they are not easy to sing or remember. It gives an impression of dynamic expansion rather than of balance or symmetry. D. Dynamics The level of volume tends to stay fairly constant for a stretch of time. When the dynamics do shift, the shift is sudden, like physically stepping from one level to another. The main keyboard Instruments of the baroque period were the organ and harpsichord, both ell suited for continuity of dynamics.E. Texture It Is predominantly polyphonic In texture. Usually, the soprano and bass lines are the most Important. Not all-late baroque music was polyphonic, a piece might shift in texture, especially in vocal music, where changes of mood in the words demand musical contrast. F. Chords and the basso continuo Chords gave new prominence to the bass part, which served as the foundation of the harmony. The whole musical structure rested on the bass part. The new emphasis on chords and the bass part resulted in the most characteristic torture of baroque music, an accompaniment called the basso continuo.The basso continuo offered the advantage of emphasizing the all-important bass part, besides providing a steady flow of chords. G. Use of words in the music Baroque composers used music to depict the meaning of specific words. Rising scales represented upward motion; descending scales depicted the reverse. Descending chromatic scales were associated with pain and grief. Composers often emphasized words by writing many rapid notes for a single syllable of text; this technique also displayed a 4. What was the role of music in Baroque society?It served as musical expression for brilliant composers, a source of entertainment for aristocrats, a way of life for musicians and a temporary escape from the routines of daily life for the general public. 5. What was the goal of the group known as the Camera? The Camera wanted to create a new vocal style modeled on the music of ancient Greek tragedy. Since no actual dramatic music had come down to them from the Greeks, they based their theories on literacy accounts that had survived. Ere Camera wanted the vocal line to follow the rhythms and pitch fluctuations of beech. 6.Write a detailed description of each of the following new forms in Baroque music: A. Concerto gross Extended composition for instrumental soloists and orchestra, usually in three movements: (1) Fast, (2) Slow, (3) Fast. B. Fugue Polyphonic composition based on one main theme or subject. C. Opera Drama that IS sung to orchestral accompaniment, usually a large-scale composition employing local soloists, chorus, orchestra, costumes, and society. D. Solo concerto A piece for single soloist and an orchestra. E. Baroque suite A group of dance, usually in the name key, with each piece in the binary form or the ternary form.F. Oratorio Large- scale composition for chorus, vocal soloists, and orchestra, usually set to a narrative text, but without acting, scenery, or costumes; often based on biblical stories. G. Sonata In baroque music, an instrumental composition in several movements for one to eight players. In music after the baroque period, an instrumental composition usually in several movements for one or two players. H. Church cantata Composition in several movements, usually written for chorus, one or more vocal soloists; and orchestra.The church cantata for the Lutheran service in Germany during the Baroque period often includes chorales. 7. Write a complete definition for each of the following terms: A. Movement Piece that sounds fairly complete and independent but is part of a larger composition. B. Libretto Text of an opera written by the librettist (dramatists) and set to music by the composer. C. Aria -Song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment, usually expressing an emotional state through its outpouring of melody; found in operas, oratorios, and cantatas. D.

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

Big five personality dimensions

Big five personality dimensions Personality of individuals has been described using many theories in the past years. However, today the big five model of personality has been adopted and is widely used by many people.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Big five personality dimensions specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More As cited in Hofstee (2003), research in many cultures on personality traits has found the five dimensions of the model present (Nevid, 2009). The big five model dimensions are urgency, agreeableness, adjustment, conscientiousness and openness to experience. This article will evaluate this model as used by one of the world leading managers Donald Trump. Urgency is also referred to as extroversion in the model. It is a character trait exhibited by extroverts. According to Nevid (2010), extroverts are people who are friendly, cheerful, tolerant, sympathetic outgoing and enthusiastic. This personality dimension â€Å"captures ones comfort lev el with relationships† as said by Robbins (2009). As a leader, Donald trump is said to be a very competitive person who creates an environmentally competitive surrounding for his employees in the workplace (Ramanaidu et al., 2010). This dimension is strongly used by Donald Trump especially in his show â€Å"The Apprentice† where a strongly extroverted trait is dominant through creating a strongly competitive environment for the contestants. Also as an extrovert, he promotes public events and initiatives like competitions by encouraging participants to strongly contribute. Agreeableness is the second dimension of the model. According to Robbins (2009), it is the tendency of an individual to yield to other people’s opinions. Therefore, this dimension explains how individuals respond to other people’s views. When an individual conforms easily, he is said to be agreeable. According to Nevid (2010), individuals strong in this dimension tend to be sensitive, coo perative with others, sympathetic, confident with others and are concerned with the feelings of other people. As suggested by Ramanaidu et al. (2010), Donald Trump has a low degree of agreeableness that demands detailed statements and proves of concepts before making any confirmations and acknowledgements. He particularly insists on performance measures using goals.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conscientiousness is the third dimension of the model. Robbins (2009) states it â€Å"is a measure of reliability† (p 94). People who exhibit this are meditative, organized, pay attention to detail, ethical, ambitious, time conscious and reliable. Using this dimension, as suggested by Ramanaidu et al. (2010), Donald Trump is an optimistic and self confident person who used this dimension to build his Trump International Hotel. As an example, Trump is dependable in his directions and vision and despite obstacles, is centered on goal achievement. As a manager, Donald Trump is said to be strong in this dimension since he says that one should do what it takes to achieve his or her goals lawfully without shortcuts (Ramanaidu et al., 2010). The fourth dimension is adjustment which is also referred to as emotional stability or neuroticism. According to Robbins (2009), it is â€Å"a person’s ability to withstand stress† (94). These people are self confident, secure and they are tranquil. Ramanaidu et al. (2010) suggest that as a manager, Donald Trump is emotionally stable especially during contentious discussions where he concentrates on the end achievements. In his opinion, he is strong in calming his nerves during many situations. The last dimension is openness to experience. According to Robbins (2009), it relates to how people are open to change through accepting new thoughts and concepts. In this dimension, the individual traits ar e curiosity, imaginative, creative and sensitive to art (Robbins, 2009). Ramanaidu et al. (2010) suggest that Donald Trump is a strong person in openness to experiences throughout his career. This is seen through his many business ventures where he learns from the past and focuses on the present (Ramanaidu et al., 2010). References Nevid, J.S. (2010). Essentials of Psychology: Concepts and Applications. Wadsworth: Cengage Learning. Ramanaidu, M.N., Zain, S.M., Nor, N.A.M. Noor, N.D.M. (2010). Leadership (Donald Trump). Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia: Universiti Utara Malaysia Graduate School of Business. Retrieved from https://scribd.com/doc/71157576/Leadership-DonaldTrump-0920-Report-2Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Big five personality dimensions specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Robbins, S.P. (2009). Organizational Behaviour: Global and Southern African Perspectives. South Africa: Pearson Education.

Monday, March 2, 2020

The Curious History of Bead

The Curious History of Bead The Curious History of Bead The Curious History of Bead By Maeve Maddox You may have heard the expression to draw a bead, meaning to take aim. A hunter, for example, draws a bead on the quarry. The expression, used both literally and figuratively, is popular with headline writers Connecticut gunman drew bead on bosses Kiefer Sutherland and 24 draw a bead on a feature film HP and Microsoft Draw a Bead on Cisco The bead in this expression comes from the small metal knob that forms the front sight of a gun. The word bead attached to this knob because of its resemblance to the kind of bead most of us probably think of when we hear the word: A small perforated body, spherical or otherwise, of glass, amber, metal, wood, etc., used as an ornament, either strung in a series to form a necklace, bracelet, etc., or sewn upon various fabrics. This general sense of bead derived in turn from rosary beads, the little markers strung together for the purpose of helping a worshipper count prayers. Originally, beads were not the little objects on the string, but the prayers being said. Bead in this sense is a cognate of German bitte, a word that is used to make a request. Someone praying with a rosary was said to be telling his beads, that is, counting his prayers. Another meaning of the verb to tell is to count. (The bank teller counts out your money.) Historically, wealthy patrons would pay people to pray for them on a regular basis. These professionals were called beadsmen or beadswomen. Keats begins his poem St. Agnes Eve with this evocation of a harsh winters evening: St. Agnes EveAh, bitter chill it was! †¨ The owl, for all his feathers, was a-cold; †¨ The hare limpd trembling through the frozen grass, †¨And silent was the flock in woolly fold: †¨Numb were the Beadsmans fingers, while he told †¨His rosary, and while his frosted breath, †¨Like pious incense from a censer old, †¨Seemd taking flight for heaven†¦ An earlier spelling of bead was bede, from Old English gebed, prayer. The OE verb biddan meant to pray as well as to ask. By the late 14th century, the word bede/bead had attached to the objects on which the prayers were told or counted. The expression to draw a bead on is an obvious headline choice when the topic is something like gun control, Critics Draw A Bead On State House Gun Ban but I wonder if the writer who came up with this one about the popularity of rosaries with non-Catholic soldiers in Iraq realized just how clever it is: Worshippers draw bead on rosaries Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Vocabulary category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:100 Whimsical Words50 Synonyms for "Assistant"Punctuation Is Powerful